Plants: The vast temperate rainforests
The vast temperate rainforests from the south of Chile and Argentina extend from your imaginary line running through Valdivia in Chile´s XIV region lower to Tierra del Fuego However, there are lots of variations in this particular area because of latitude, height above ocean level, temperature and rain fall.
The Valdivian temperate rainforest within the regions XIV and X within the south of Chile is really a habitat having a densely wooded area untouched by agriculture.
Larch and Pilgerodendron stick out within the evergreen forests, that exist all around the mountainous parts of southern Chile and Argentina.
The magallanic subpolar rainforest is buffeted by strong winds and susceptible to heavy rain fall. It extends over the extreme south of Chile and Argentina. The most frequent tree is local beech.
Tundra may be the typical plant life based in the extreme climate from the southern regions of Chile and Argentina. Regions of tundra are characterised by impoverished soils and the existence of shallow ponds and ponds.
The Andean forests of Patagonia – where the most frequent trees would be the Antarctic beech and also the Lenga beech – constitute a habitat which matches the mountainous parts of the south of Chile and southwest of Argentina. A primary reason of these forests is rain fall brought on by numerous damp air in the Off-shore once they collide using the Andes.
You will find forests frequently known as transitional simply because they occupy the region between your tundra and also the forests from the Andes. These transitional forests are a combination of conifers and deciduous trees and sturdy scrubs
The Patagonian steppe is really a vast plateau, which suffers low temperatures and it is constantly buffeted by wind. Wildlife here is comparable to that contained in the mountain tops.
In Argentina, steppes are available in the mid – west of Mendoza, west of Neuquén and Rio Color negro, practically throughout Chubut and Santa Cruz and also the northeast of Tierra del Fuego. In Chile steppes are located in Aysen and Magallanes.
“Nearly 500 types of creatures reside in Patagonia”
There are lots of types of quail, ducks, swans, flamingoes, woodpeckers, vultures, eagles and hawks. Probably the most intriguing and typical wild birds in Patagonia would be the Andes condor (the world´s greatest flying bird and among the greatest flying), the kingfisher, the ibis, the rhea, the upland or Magellan goose, the grebe, and humming birds
The camel family
The camel family in Patagonia is symbolized by: Alpacas, Llamas, Vicuñas and Guanacos.
Native deer are extremely small. Those are the South Andean deer (It features around the Chilean coat of arms) and also the Pudú, the world´s tiniest deer
The kitty family
Although in your area it is called a “León or Lion” we all know it as being a puma The Andean wild cat can also be spotted from time to time.
There are various types of foxes, armadillos, weasels, skunks and otters. The greatest native rodent may be the coypu, which consider to 9 pounds. Especially interesting would be the southern river otter and also the giant armadillo. Deer, wild boar, rabbits and hares were introduced into Patagonia from Europe.
Wildlife within the Sea
Should you fish within the fiords or around the coast, you will likely see penguins, albatrosses, petrels, pelicans, cormorants, notary seals, ocean lions, South American ocean lions, whales dolphins, sperm whales and killer whales. Possibly two most fascinating to look at would be the ocean otter and also the Southern right whale.