The Meals Consumption Survey (FCS), conducted for more than twenty years through the Spanish Secretary of state for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MARM), is easily the most reliable supply of data to judge the meals consumption and nutritional patterns of The country. The purpose of this research ended up being to assess population food availability per person each day, which enables the calculation of one’s and nutrient intake and comparison using the Suggested Nutrient Intakes for that Spanish population. Additionally, different markers of the caliber of the diet plan happen to be evaluated.
The sample contained consumption and distribution data, acquired in the nationwide representative FCS for that period 2000-2006. A 2-stage sampling method was applied, whereby the very first stage the units to become sampled were towns or local entities, as well as in the 2nd stage households that would participate the ultimate sample from individuals entities were selected. Units contained towns or local entities within the national territory. The sample size was 619 selected entities. Units within the second stage were households in the selected towns (8200 homes). The information permitted the calculation of one’s and nutrient intakes, using food composition tables. The caliber of the diet plan seemed to be evaluated: the adequacy from the diet in meeting the suggested intakes for energy and nutrients energy profile nutritional fat quality nutritional protein quality nutrient density and Mediterranean diet adequacy indices. The current data were in contrast to previous data acquired by our research group in 1964, 1981 and 1991.
Using the newest data, average intake comprised milk and derivatives (379 g/person/day), fruit (310 g/person/day), vegetables and vegetables (302 g/person/day), cereals and derivatives (214 g/person/day), meat and meat products (179 g/day), fish (100 g/person/day), oil and fat (48 g/person/day), precooked food (34 g/person/day), eggs (32 g/person/day), and legumes and pulses (11.9 g/person/day). There is additionally a high use of non-alcohol based drinks (433 g/person/day) and alcohol based drinks (247 g/person/day). Because of this, meat and meat product consumption was greater compared to recommendations, whereas for cereals as well as their derivatives, vegetables and vegetables, fruit, and legumes and pulses, consumption was below strategies for the Spanish population. Some staple and traditional Mediterranean foods (bread, taters and essential olive oil) demonstrated an impressive decline in comparison with data from Household Budget Surveys in 1964 data. Energy intake declined by about 300 kcal/person/day, in comparison with the 1964 mean consumption. Inadequate nutrient intakes were based in the youthful adult population for zinc and folate both in sexes, as well as for iron in females, in comparison with nutritional reference values.
Food intake patterns in The country and and nutrient intakes have altered markedly within the last 4 decades, differing at the moment in the traditional and healthy Mediterranean diet.