The country – festivals and holidays

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The country can also be well symbolized in classical opera, with Plácido Domingo, José Carreras, Alfredo Kraus, and Montserrat Caballé one of the most famous singers. The key classical instrumentalists from the century were cellist Pablo Casals, pianist Alicia de Larrocha, and guitarist Narciso Yepes.


Spain’s lack of its empire in South America following a Spanish-American War (1898) provided the impetus for a lot of Spanish authors, poets, and students to revive a feeling of national pride. Within their work, authors for example José Ortega y Gasset, Pío Baroja, Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, and Antonio Machado y Ruiz examined Spain’s heritage and it is role nowadays. They yet others who required up similar concerns came into existence referred to as Generation of ’98. These authors helped revitalize Spanish letters and opened up the doorways for Spanish cultural rise in the twentieth century.

A lot of Spain’s 20th-century authors achieved worldwide recognition, including five who won the Nobel Prize for Literature: dramatists José Echegaray (1904) and Jacinto Benavente (1922), poets Juan Ramón Jiménez (1956) and Vicente Aleixandre (1977), and novelist Camilo José Cela (1989).

The favourite author from the century, however, was poet and playwright Federico García Lorca. Performed through the Nationalists in the past from the Spanish Civil War, he grew to become symbolic of art passing away as a result of fascism. García Lorca’s poetry is frequently couched in illusive meaning and, like his plays, draws heavily around the folklore of his native Andalusia and particularly with that from the Roma (Gypsies), or Gitanos. The suppression of instinct by social convention and also the repression of ladies would be the major styles of his plays (possibly affected by their own homosexuality), most of which continue being created and which inspired two films by Spanish director Carlos Saura within the 1980s.

One of the leading poets from the last 1 / 2 of the twentieth century were Leopoldo Panero, Luis Rosales, Blas de Otero, Gabriel Celaya, Juan Luis Panero, Andrés Trapiello, Claudio Rodríguez, José Hierro, and Pedro Gimferrer, who authored in Catalan plus Castilian. Prominent women poets within the late 20th and early 21st centuries incorporated María Victoria Atencia, noted for her poetry inspired by domestic situations, on her cultivation from the styles of art, music, and painting, as well as for her later existentialist contemplations Pureza Canelo, known specifically for her environmental poetry and feminist volumes Juana Castro Clara Janés and Ana Rossetti, significant on her erotic verse. Contemporary Spanish poetry frequently uses colloquial language and explores intimate and social styles.

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